Architectural Wonders of the Ancient World
The Colosseum, the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Great Wall of China and Machu Picchu are world-famous
1. THE PYRAMIDS EGYPT
No list of the greatest structures of the ancient world would be complete without a mention of the famous Pyramids in Egypt. The Pyramid of Djoser, the oldest of the Pyramids, is estimated to have been built around the year 2630 B.C. Still today, experts have not been able to come up with a solid conclusion to explain how the ancient Egyptians built these perfectly aligned buildings using nothing but physical strength. It is presumed that as many as 100,000 slaves worked over the years to build these immense, mysterious tombs, which are still considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.Built without the machinery and modern technology we have come to depend on today, these ancient landmarks are nothing short of impressive.
2. THE ROMAN AQUEDUCTS ITALY
The aqueducts were constructed by the ancient Romans around 145 B.C. and were used to bring in water for the Roman Empire. The really fascinating part? The aqueducts work on gravity alone, meaning that the design is what allowed the water to be siphoned. This is one of the earliest examples of engineering and quite an impressive one at that, especially considering the lack of resources available at the time. The aqueducts still stand intact today. Many were long lost and forgotten, taken over by shrubs and vines, but many are still visible in the same form they were thousands of years ago.
3. AL KHAZNEH PETRA JORDAN
Known as the Treasury at Petra and carved into rosecoloured stone, this rock fa?ade is one of the most ornate architectural wonders of the ancient world. Originally built as a crypt around the first century A.D., the sandstone carving is reminiscent of Greek architecture from that time period. What makes it so impressive, even today, is the intricate detail work that has, for the most part, remained intact. There are several legends surrounding the reason for its construction, ranging from theories about it being a treasury for the Egyptian Pharaoh during the time of Moses, to it being a hiding spot for thieves and pirates to stash their stolen goods. Whatever the reason for its construction, its architectural beauty is indisputable.
4. CHAND BAORI INDIA
According to the legend in the village of Abhaneri in Rajasthan, India, where the Chand Baori stepwell lies, ghosts built it around the 10th century. As farfetched as that may seem, there dont seem to be any other explanations on the table as to how this perfectly designed stepwell came to be. Around 900 AD, King Chanda had it built to solve the areas drought problem. Roughly 13 stories high, dug into a Vshape nearly 100 feet below the earths surface, with an estimated 3,500 perfectly levelled steps, King Chanda devoted it to the Goddess of Joy and Happiness, Hashat Mata, upon its completion. Details on its impressive construction remain a mystery.
5. MEGALITHIC TEMPLES MALTA
The Megalithic Temples of Malta 11 to be exact are prehistoric monumentsbuilt between the years 3000 B.C. and 700 B.C. During this period, temple building was extremely important and each of these structures is an improvement upon the one preceding it. Some archaeologists believe the temples which have been described as theoldest freestanding buildings in the worldwere built to worship specific gods and many are still impressed by the intricacies each bears, given the lack of adequate building tools at the time.
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